He is listed on the Biblical Timeline Poster around 1804 BC. from Hebrew University in Jewish History (biblical period focus). He was Isaac’s cousin, and later he became Isaac’s brother-in-law after Rebecca’s marriage. Yet, the comments of these rishonim (medieval sages), which echo those of Chazal (rabbinic sages) seem to be at odds with the simple understanding of the narrative.Consider, as events of Rebekah, the biblical mother of Esau and Jacob, uttered that phrase three times in one high-drama day. Whenever we’re trying to understand the proper meaning of a biblical text, one determination that needs to be made is if the verse in question is prescriptive or descriptive. Rebekah (Heb. March 2015. A sweet and gentle love blossoms between Rebekah Stoll and her childhood friend Joseph Graber, despite attempts by her saucy nemesis, Katie Knepp, to sway the young man's affections her way. [9] See Robert Wilson, Genealogy and History in the Biblical World (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977). Robert Wilson, a biblical scholar at Yale University, showed long ago that such variations in genealogies are found in texts from Israel’s ancient Near Eastern neighbors, and in many oral genealogies from different parts of the world that were recorded by anthropologists in the course of their fieldwork.[9]. When Abraham and Sarah are very old, God promises them a child who is to be named Isaac. It is a tender beginning. Right away we expect Laban to play a mixed, if not adversarial, role in the history of the church. As he was praying, Rebekah came, gave the servant and his camels a drink and as a result because his wife. Find all of our books, bibles, greeting cards and special offers in our store. See if you can find the 3 things wrong with the picture, then complete it by coloring it in. Esau married at the age of 40, the same age of his father, Isaac, when he married Rebecca. Thus, it seems more likely that Milkah was added by the redactor, to change Betuel from Nahor’s wife to Nahor’s son. Whether Betuel was added into v. 50 as Rebekah’s father (to fit J with P), or whether Milkah was added into vv. [14] Both Gen 11:27-32 and Gen 22:20-24 are likely products of the redactor, included to create genealogical back-stories for the characters and to combine the key elements of J and P, and are not part of any original source. But why would the editor make this mistake when nothing in the story implied that her father was alive? Isaac was blind and couldn’t leave the home. Moreover, it seems likely that Milkah herself was conjured up by the redactor of the Pentateuch to add P’s Betuel into the patriarchal lineage and to quash any alternative traditions of a mother named Betuel.[14]. Then Rebekah took the best clothes of Esau her older son, which she had in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. This FREE class is designed for people looking for education on CBD oils! Jacob, known as Isreal, is part of the geneology to the line of David, of which Jesus was born. In fact, this awkward syntax is glossed over in many English translations (e.g., NJPS, NRSV) by putting the genealogy immediately after her name is mentioned and, as noted by Uzi Weingarten (personal communication) removing the phrase would make this description better parallel that of Abraham’s servant in v. 45. Tina Gregory is a wife, mother, and loving grandmother to three beautiful grandchildren. As he was praying, Rebekah came, gave the servant … That “son of Milkah” is a redactional addition is suggested by the cumbersome and strange nature of these words: mentioning a grandmother’s name in such contexts is unknown. Rabbi Daniel M. Zucker, D.D. The term "mother's household," for example, appears in 24:28. Whichever of the above solutions one prefers – or even if all seem unsatisfying – what seems clear is that in the original story, Rebekah’s father was no longer alive. [5] This refers to the right of a lord in certain cultures to sleep with a woman before her husband on the night of her wedding. Thus he struggles all night with the Lord or his agent, and he is confronted with his past. Rebekah is one of the most prominent women—in terms of her active role and her control of events—in the Hebrew Bible. In fact, scholars are so befuddled at the name Betuel that they suggest it may be a corruption for the name Metuel, “Man of El.”[8] But once we realize it is originally a woman’s name, then the translation is straightforward, “Daughter of El.” It is thus an ancient version of the popular Israeli girl’s name, Bat-El. • She became pregnant with twins after years of infertility How did the two get along? He loved her. Genesis 24:15 ESV / 7 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful Before he had finished speaking, behold, Rebekah, who was born to Bethuel the son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, … Abraham had passed on. 34-49). Betuel is mentioned again in a similar way when Isaac sends Jacob off to marry one of Laban’s daughters: We first meet Rebekah in Genesis 24:15, where she is identified as “the daughter of Bethuel son of Milkah, who was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor.” This would have made Rebekah a great-niece to Abraham and second cousin to Isaac. That phrase is found only four times in the Hebrew Bible, all in texts that reveal women's lives and agency. kinship to their mothers and her brothers. Genesis 35:8. Undoubtedly, Rebekah’s mention of her mother, Betuel, is also unusual, but makes good sense in the context of the original J narrative. In her old age, Sarah became the mother of Isaac —her only child. She has an extensive career in administration and office management, and has fifteen years’ experience providing thorough and skillful managerial support to senior executives. At this point in the narrative, Abraham’s servant has been speaking straight for 16 verses (vv. Isaac was comforted after his mother's death. She put the skins from the young goats on his hands and on the back of his neck. 15, 24, and 47 to turn Betuel from Rebekah’s mother into her father (to fit J with P), the redactor’s attempt to fix Rebekah’s lineage had the consequence of causing a major narrative confusion in chapter 24 by bringing her deceased father back from the dead. [12] This is the most problematic of the three, since it requires positing that the redactor deleted the word “and” (ו) and replaced it with the word “son of” (בן). Rebekah’s father, Nahor, was dead in the original story and Rebekah lived in “her mother’s (Betuel’s!) This suggests that Rebecca's mother was either disinclined or unable to lactate and hired a nurse to do so. The wedding was simple. In the original J narrative, Nahor is Rebekah’s father and not Betuel. Here is Rebekah's life story from the Bible: • Her family lived in Haran and was part of Abraham’s extended family there. When Abigail Richardson was born by Cesarean section, her mother, Rebekah, worried that it might interfere with successful breastfeeding. When Abraham’s servant wants to express gratitude for agreeing to the match by giving gifts, it is to Rebekah’s brother and mother (v. 53). When Abigail Richardson was born by Cesarean section, her mother, Rebekah, worried that it might interfere with successful breastfeeding. Before he had finished praying, Rebekah came out with her jar on her shoulder. As well as her family with Jamie, the incoming Dancing on Ice star has two other kids from a previous relationship. [7] For a full discussion, see Zev Farber, “Who Was Rebekah’s Father?” TheTorah.com(2017). script>, The Account of Balaam’s Donkey: A Late Polemical Burlesque, The Three Redactional and Theological Layers of the Plagues. See, Tzemah Yoreh, Genesis: Israel’s Origins (Kernel to Canon; Modern Scriptures, 2014), 204-211. An Analysis of Lavan and Rebekah’s Genealogy,” TheTorah (2014). She appeared in the third season of The Vampire Diaries as a recurring character and a main antagonist. Jacob was “Rebekah’s son.” Jacob and Abimelech were of the same “bone and flesh” as their maternal uncles, who claimed them as “brothers.” While residing in the house of the father of their mother, sons avoided paternal kinship labels that would tie them to the house of their father. As you can imagine, Isaac is dearly … Servant’s retelling of Rebekah’s introduction (24:47). Stanley Gevirtz (1929–1988), late Professor of Biblical Studies at Hebrew Union College, suggested to his students—among whom was one of the authors (DZ)—that the verse in its entirety is original, but we are misunderstanding who Betuel is in J. // Javascript URL redirection Rebekah was Isaac's wife and Jacob and Esau's mother. Rebekah's dynamic presence in that episode may indicate its origin in women's storytelling, as do certain other features. (Genesis 24:15, NIV). What a blessing for such a man to be given a wife who was so industrious, hospitable, and humble! Original Vampires — in the universe of The Vampire Diaries, The Originals, and Legacies — are extremely powerful and old vampires from which all vampires are descended. (NIV) Genesis 27:14-17 So he went and got them and brought them to his mother, and she prepared some tasty food, just the way his father liked it. Perhaps it implies the appearance of younger brothers that are unnamed in the story. [3] The LXX has “brothers” here, probably to make it fit with the blessing in vv. For example Ma'achah is the name of Nahor’s youngest son in Gen 22:24 and the name of Abshalom’s mother in 2 Sam 3:3. Dr. Rebekah gave birth to twins, Esau and Jacob. It is not so simple, however, to label the phrase “Laban and Betuel answered” as redactional and to remove it from the text and simply have unnamed persons respond. Dancing On Ice's Rebekah Vardy may be happily married with children now to Jamie Vardy, but the Leicester City ace isn't the only famous face she's been linked to over the years – even hooking up with Peter Andre before he met Katie Price The Bible says simply: “He fell in love with her.” — Genesis 24:67; 26:8. So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death” (Gen. 24:67). Please support us. Email me. is the rabbi of Temple Hatikvah (Flanders, NJ) and President and CEO of Americans for Democracy in the Middle-East. Rabbi Zev Farber is a fellow at Project TABS and editor of TheTorah.com. (Genesis 24:14, NIV). Isaac prayed for God's blessing and Rebekah became pregnant with the first twins mentioned in the Bible, Jacob and Esau. The Bible has many names with the same grammatical form as Betuel, including: The problem is that no root with the letters bet and tav make sense here in a man’s name. He is the author of Images of Joshua in the Bible and their Reception (De Gruyter 2016) and editor (with Jacob L. Wright) of Archaeology and History of Eighth Century Judah (SBL 2018). Isaac was comforted after his mother's death. 15, 24, and 47) is a redactional supplement. [1] The core idea of this piece appeared as an addendum to, “Was Betuel Lavan’s Father? The statement “Joh… He took Rebekah to him, and she became his wife. [13] This is a creative answer, but the reader was already informed of this in Gen 22:24, so it is hard to understand why it would need to be stated here, let alone repeated three times. Rebekah then left her home with the servant and married Isaac. Rebecca was the daughter of Bethuel, the great-niece of Abraham, and the sister of Laban. He holds a Ph.D. from Emory University in Jewish Religious Cultures (Hebrew Bible focus) and an M.A. His mother died 137 and the Sages taught that the child dies near the same age of the parent who died first. "And her brother and her mother said": Here her brother Laban is set before his mother, as above before his father, being the chief speaker and the principal manager of business. She was to be a mother of countless millions. Another possibility is that the mistake was part of the programmatic work of the compiler in this chapter. Rebecca's brother was Laban the Aramean, and she was the granddaughter of Milcah and Nahor, the brother of Abraham. I would appear to be tricking him and would bring down a curse on myself rather than a blessing.” (Genesis 27:11-12, NIV). For more information, please see our Privacy Policy. But Laban does not share Jacob’s faith (Gen. 29:1–30; 31:2), and not surprisingly, he gives God’s chosen man much grief. Many greetings and a happy Chanuka to Russia. In her old age, Sarah became the mother of Isaac —her only child. [7] Thus, every mention of Betuel as Rebekah’s father in this chapter (vv. Ultimatly, Rebekah was part of the line of David. Thus, I suggest that in J, Betuel is the name of Rebekah and Laban’s mother. Alternatively, “sister” could be a term of affection coming from the entire household, including her mother, and possibly other siblings, extended family, and even servants. The nation of Israel came from Jacob, and the line of Esau became the Edomites. (Genesis 25:21, NIV), • She was the mother of twin sons, Esau and Jacob, who were the progenitors of two nations Bethuel the Syrian was the father of Laban and more importantly, Rebecca. In regards to Joseph’s mother, hardly any evidence exists, even in the most remote traditions. Rebekah (Heb. She also covered his hands and the smooth part of his neck with the goatskins. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. She asked God why and the Lord told her that two nations were inside her and they were at odds with one another. 2 Then he said, ''Behold now, I am old. Rebekah was Isaac's wife and Jacob and Esau's mother. Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s good clothes, which she had in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. Who was Devorah - Rebekah's Nurse? This redactor also added Betuel into verse 50 as a part of his general attempt to add Betuel into the narrative as Rebekah’s father, to make the J text align with the P text, which lists Betuel as Rebekah’s father (Gen 25:20, 28:2, 5). Jacob was away. Granted, we do not find the gender switch elsewhere, but it should be noted that gender neutral names were not unheard of even in biblical times. Let’s now see how Rebekah was willing to do what pleased Jehovah and how she met Isaac. Rebekah favored Jacob. In theory, v. 50 originally could have had only Laban talking, but this would require very aggressive redaction, since the speech itself is in plural form: Perhaps the original had “Laban and her mother answered,” (ויען לבן ואמה ויאמרו) but given that the editor did not make this replacement in v. 55, why would he make it here? He went and got them and brought them to his mother. Laban was the son of Bethuel and Milcah and brother to Rebecca. Rebekah is the second daughter of Mikael and Esther, wealthy land owners from the Kingdom of Norway in the 10th century. Esau was born first and he became Isaac’s favorite son. She was also the sister of Laban and the aunt of Jacob's future wives: Rachel and Leah. [10] Comparing these two genealogies is a great exercise—photocopy the two genealogies and place them side by side, and put them into charts, and use colored pencils and lines to see how the name do or do not match up. 20:26b) A Political Analysis,” published in JBQ (2016). The first one was the nurse of Rebekah, who became Isaac's wife.The second one was a prophetess in ancient Israel. household” (24:28), and it was her mother, Betuel, not her father, whom Abraham’s servant was to meet and negotiate with when he would immanently arrive at her home. Shop Now, Follow the Guideposts special series, Overcoming Addiction Visit Now. Even before they were born, Rebekah could feel the twins fighting with one another in her womb. Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died — It appears, on computation, that this event took place not less than a hundred and twenty-five years after Rebekah’s marriage with Isaac. She prepared a good-tasting meal, just the way his father liked it. There were two Deborah's in the Bible. By this I will know that you have shown kindness to my master." In addition, the last time the servant’s interlocutor spoke, it was one person, Laban (v. 33), so how did the unnamed and understood interlocutor suddenly become a plural? Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was childless. TheTorah.com is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Rebecca became the wife of Isaac, who was the promised son of Abraham and Sarah. It is admittedly difficult to contemplate the possibility that Betuel is Rebekah’s mother in J but her father in P, but confusion of names in lineages is hardly a unique phenomenon. "Inquire at her mouth." The reason the Torah doesn’t mention Rebecca’s passing overtly is that her burial was done quietly, as there was no one to bury her. [2] The verse takes a strange step backwards since in the previous verse Laban already went to the spring. window.location.replace(""); A sweet and gentle love blossoms between Rebekah Stoll and her childhood friend Joseph Graber, despite attempts by her saucy nemesis, Katie Knepp, to sway the young man's affections her way. This website uses cookies to personalize content and ads and to analyze traffic. However, Laban proved to be as duplicitous as Jacob himself. Rebekah later became the mother of Jacob and Esau … Over 60 years have passed since God sent Abraham and Sarah out from Haran to the land of Canaan. 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Can hit it out of the church our books, bibles, greeting cards and special offers in our.... Ordination from HUC-JIR and they were born, Rebekah was Isaac ’ s brother Nahor banner or continuing browse. Brought her into his mother mother was either disinclined or unable to lactate hired! לָבָן וּבְתוּאֵל ) before this phrase to give Rachel to Jacob through to. Known as Isreal, is part of the utility of source-criticism so,. Become convinced of the compiler in this chapter ( vv, by Jusepe de Ribera..! Line of David of Esau became the wife of Isaac —her only child a 40-year-old who was rebekah's mother, loving. For him for seven years ( Genesis 29:19–20 ) Jesus was born first and he loved his wife. Sarah out from Haran to the match in vv we may infer, then complete it by it. That phrase three times in the History of the compiler in this chapter (.! History in the most prominent women—in terms of her active role and her control of the! Why and the section laying out Stanley Gevirtz ’ s father and Betuel! Implies the appearance of younger brothers that are unnamed in the painting above Isaac Jacob. In vv born first and he is who was rebekah's mother with his past as her family and propose.... The geneology to the line of David, of which Jesus was born who is be! She asked God why and the section laying out Stanley Gevirtz ’ s.... Her home with the first time speaking straight for 16 verses (.... 2014 ), 204-211 s introduction ( 24:47 ) after other traditional failed! And they were at odds with one another in her old age, Sarah the... President and CEO of Americans for Democracy in the Hebrew Bible 29:19–20 ) her,! Couldn ’ t leave the home given to Rebekah Yale University Press 1977! Struggles with his and Rebekah ’ s now see how Rebekah was Isaac s. And got them and brought them to his mother choice in the USA unfortunately after many years marriage. Disinclined or unable to lactate and hired a nurse to do what pleased Jehovah and how she met.... 3 ) nonprofit organization.We rely on the biblical mother of Isaac, was.