She taught at Harvard University until 1979, when she joined the faculty at UCLA. [12] With Sara Kiesler as her advisor, Taylor was interested in attending graduate school at either the University of Rochester to work with Elaine Walster or Yale to work with David Mettee. Positive illusions are a form of self-deception or self-enhancement that feel good, maintain self-esteem or avoid discomfort, at least in the short term. Shelley E. Taylor and David A. Armor University ol California, Los Angeles ABSTRACT We review the literature showing that positive illusions (i.e., self-aggrandizement, unrealistic optimism, and exaggerated perceptions of control) are common and associated with successful adjustment to stressful events, including conditions of extreme adversity. Shelley E. Taylor is a Distinguished Professor and co-director of the Health Psychology Program at the University of California, Los Angeles, and an Associate Member of the Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology at UCLA’s Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior. Taylor also has made contributions to social cognition with her "top of the head phenomena" (Taylor & Fiske, 1978). She taught at Harvard University until 1979, when she joined the faculty at UCLA. Total downloads of all papers by Shelley E. Taylor. It involves feeling loved, cared for, and valued, and forms the basis of interpersonal relationships. Instead, tend and Befriend evolves from an evolutionary perspective and asserts that "people, especially women, evolved social means for dealing with stress that involved caring for offspring and protecting them from harm and turning to the social group for protection for the self and offspring." The construct was developed to explain an inconsistency in the stress and coping literature: emotion-focused coping was associated with largely maladaptive outcomes while emotional processing and expression was demonstrated to be beneficial. Self-evaluation motives drive the process of self-regulation, that is, how people control and direct their own actions. However, the instructor for her Introductory Psychology Course informed her that her performance in class indicated that she should pursue psychology. With biological psychologist, John Libeskind, Taylor was able to look at stress and its effects on stress regulatory systems. After that encounter, Taylor became a psychology major. Within months, the policy was changed and women were allowed. For example, when people observed a group of men and women having a discussion, the viewers organized their recall around gender, such that when people were likely to incorrectly attribute a comment from one person to another, it was usually mixing up a woman's comment with another woman or mixing up a man's comment with another man (Taylor, 1981). She taught at Harvard University until 1979, when she joined the faculty at UCLA. [24] They later had two children, one daughter and one son. Positive illusions are unrealistically favorable attitudes that people have towards themselves or to people that are close to them. The Shift-and-persist model has emerged in order to account for unintuitive, positive health outcomes in some individuals of low socioeconomic status. Shelley TAYLOR of University of California, Los Angeles, CA (UCLA) | Read 214 publications | Contact Shelley TAYLOR After Yale, Taylor and her husband moved to Cambridge and she worked in Harvard's Psychology and Social Relations Department. After her PhD, she finished her post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Chicago. It is located in the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. In subsequent work with Repetti and Seeman, Taylor found that risky family environments predict elevated blood pressure and heart rate and an elevated flat cortisol slope in stressful laboratory tasks. Distinguished Professor, University of California, Los Angeles. She has studied gender differences in response to stress as well as the effect of positive thinking on the progression of illness in HIV patients. So, Taylor and a friend with breast cancer at the time, Smadar Levin, decided to explore the connection between social psychology and what is now known as health psychology. 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